Paper Title
Loss characteristics and modal degeneration in Photonic crystal fiber

In this paper various losses of this Photonic crystal fiber have been studied and estimated correctly through simulation. Agreement with the reference dataset supports the accuracy of this work. It has been shown that change in the bending radius modifies the modal properties of photonic crystal fiber, which is very important for a number of potential practical applications. The evolution of highly dispersive lower and higher orders cladding modes and their degeneration with respect to the fundamental core mode in a bent photonic crystal fiber has also been studied. Keywords- Confinement Loss, Bending Loss, Splice loss, Modal Degeneration, Cladding Mode